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О добровольности и присоединении

До меня дошла информация о том, что, вроде бы, наши республиканские власти готовятся отметить нечто новое, а именно 650-летие добровольного присоединения Коми края к Московскому княжеству. Во всяком случае, разговоры на эту тему существуют. Были даже публикации некоторых историков.

Речь идет о второй половине 14-го века, когда в наших краях появился небезызвестный Стефан Пермский со своим отрядом, чтобы «прорубить окно» в тайгу. Он осуществил, как принято говорить, миссию по внедрению православия в сознание коми народа. Фактически было проведено насильственное крещение людей, а с теми, кто сохранял прежнюю языческую веру, расправлялись. Не сомневаюсь, что жестоко.

О «добровольности», помнится, много и шумно трещал в свое время советский агитпроп. Пышно и с большой помпой отмечались вхождения в «братскую семью народов» Украины (Переяславская рада), Грузии (Георгиевский трактат) и т.д. О коми народе тогда молчали в тряпочку, несмотря на то, что ничего бы не стоило и его также включить в список «добровольцев». Не сделали этого потому, что советская пропаганда, хотя и была всемогущей, и любое слово с высоких трибун считалось истиной в последней инстанции, все-таки действовала в пределах допустимого тогда вранья. В отличие от Украины, здесь не было коми аналога Богдана Хмельницкого – зато был свой аналог Имама Шамиля. Речь идет об исторической личности, сотнике Паме, который возглавлял борьбу древних коми против политики Стефана Пермского под религиозными лозунгами. Говоря более современным языком, Пам был руководителем национально-освободительного движения.

Оппоненты тут же скажут: но ведь коми народ принял-таки православие. Да. Но, во-первых, неизвестно, где те, кто не принял. А во-вторых, народ не в силах сопротивляться бесконечно. Скажем, если бы в 1940 году страны Прибалтики не капитулировали, а сопротивлялись, то страшно представить, что сотворил бы сталинский режим с ними.

Между тем пафосные лозунги о «добровольном присоединении» всегда произносились с конкретной политической целью: обосновать существование отныне и впредь «единой и неделимой» державы. Мол, она не распадется, если доказать, что все влились туда с охотой и радостью. Чем дряхлее становился СССР, слабее его фактическое единство, тем пышнее устраивались церемонии «исторических выборов народов». Вот и не стало СССР. Но почему-то точно по тому же рецепту стали поступать в РФ. Сначала отметили юбилей вхождения в Россию Северной Осетии, затем – Кабардино-Балкарии, Башкортостана, Калмыкии… На очереди Бурятия, Якутия. Похоже, в хвост очереди пристроилась наша Республика Коми.

В одном из сентябрьских номеров газеты «Коми му» вышла статья историка И. Жеребцова, в которой он утверждает, что коми охотно влились в Россию, т.к. между коми и русскими хорошие отношения. Это так, но хорошие отношения не есть основание для слияний. К примеру, сейчас у России просто чудесные отношения с Венесуэлой. Так что – сделать ее субъектом РФ? Вот тогда бы отношения и испортились. Как испортились они с Украиной и Грузией.

Есть непреложная истина: каждый народ стремится к самостоятельности. И ни один, имея государственность, просто так не откажется от нее. Как каждый человек стремится иметь отдельное жилье и, имея квартиру, не поедет в общежитие. Если не вынудить. Как было, например, с коми-пермяками, у которых отняли автономию. Это был не добровольный выбор, а некая спецоперация власть предержащих с использованием административного ресурса и популистских обещаний. Не сомневаюсь, что были и прямые подтасовки.

В общем, не бывает добровольных присоединений. Бывают присоединения либо насильственные, либо вынужденные, когда народ находится под давлением. И слабые не выдерживают...

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